BOOKS

LESSONS OF INFORMALITY: ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING IN EMERGING TERRITORIES – CONCEPTS FROM ETHIOPIA
FELIX HEISEL AND BISRAT KIFLE (eds.), BIRKHÄUSER, BERLIN AND BASEL 2016

Lessons of Informality - Heisel Kifle

Never before have cities been so important. Today, cities are home to the majority of the world’s population, accommodate most of global production, and are the goal of millions of migrants around the world. Yet, increasingly, our cities are growing informally, planned and built by non-professionals. Informality resembles an evolutionary process more than a simple absence of rules. In itself, informality is neither illegal, nor dysfunctional, nor indicative of poverty; in fact, its actors, skills and capital are probably our best chance to solve the world’s growing housing crisis.

While informal settlements are rightly criticized for their lack of hygiene and low-level living conditions, their underlying social and cultural networks are a testimonial to the unwavering courage and resilience of their inhabitants. Equally, the associated informal economic activities proliferate and basic urban services are increasingly provided informally. Using the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa as an example, this publication by an interdisciplinary team of authors from urbanism, sociology and architecture analyzes informal housing options as well as economic strategies such as microloan or bottom-up insurance systems. It intro-duces typical informal professions such as the Kuré-Yalew (refuse collector), who acts as an “urban miner” and contributes a valuable service to the community by recycling materials. Thus, Lessons of Informality describes an array of planning strategies and possibly even a roadmap to a resilient city in emerging territories.

The book includes a DVD of _Spaces, a series of six documentaries on informality in Addis Ababa.

available at: www.degruyter.com

 

CITIES OF CHANGE ADDIS ABABA, 2ND AND REVISED EDITION
DIRK HEBEL AND MARC ANGELIL (eds.), BIRKHÄUSER, BERLIN AND BASEL, 2016

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Aiming to identify sustainable strategies―rather than upholding an a priori vision of an ideal city―the publication acknowledges the heterogeneous conditions of urban territories. This revised edition highlights questions of method and procedure that can be transferred to other ‘cities of change’, and covers recent developments, such as the increasing influence of China in African countries or the chances of high-density, low-rise developments.

available at: www.degruyter.com

 

SUDU – THE SUSTAINABLE URBAN DWELLING UNIT: RESEARCH AND MANUAL
DIRK E. HEBEL, MELAKESELAM MOGERS, ZARA GRAY (eds.), IN COLLABORATION WITH SOMETHING FANTASTIC, RUBY PRESS, BERLIN, 2015

SUDU

SUDU―the Sustainable Urban Dwelling Unit―is a full-scale prototype for an affordable, two-story house built with local materials and traditional building techniques in Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa. Developed in a collaborative endeavor between the Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, Building Construction and City Development and ETH Zurich, SUDU ties in with the rich tradition of loam construction while at the same time taking a fresh look at how to adapt this tradition to contemporary needs. Recapitulating SUDU’s idiosyncratic construction process in two lavishly illustrated volumes, this publication details the building techniques employed, such as rammed earth, mud bricks, and timbrel vaulting. The first volume additionally explores the history of Ethiopian architecture, the postcolonial nature of its current construction industry, and the challenges of the country’s rapid urbanization. The second volume, a manual with more than 600 detailed drawings and instructions, demonstrates how to build a house, step-by-step, with the most readily available building material―earth.

available at: Ruby Press Berlin

 

BUILDING FROM WASTE – RECOVERED MATERIALS IN ARCHITECTURE AND CONSTRUCTION
DIRK E. HEBEL, MARTA H. WISNIEWSKA AND FELIX HEISEL (eds.), BIRKHÄSER, BERLIN AND BASEL, 2014

”Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, and Recover“ is the sustainable guideline that has replaced the ”Take, Make, Waste“ attitude of the industrial age. Based on their competence centre in this field at the ETH Zurich and the Future Cities Laboratory in Singapore, the authors provide both a conceptual and practical look into materials and products which use waste as a renewable resource for architectural, interior, and industrial design.

This book introduces an inventory of current projects and building elements, ranging from marketed products, among them façade panels made of straw and self-healing concrete, to advanced research and development like newspaper, wood or jeans denim used as isolating fibres. Going beyond the mere recycling aspect of reused materials, it looks into innovative concepts of how materials usually regarded as waste can be processed into new construction elements. The materials and products are shown in the context of their application in built or prototypical projects. They are organized along the manufacturing processes that lend them their specific characteristics: densified, reconfigured, transformed, designed and cultivated materials.

In the second part, a product directory presents all materials and projects in this book according to their functional uses in construction: load-bearing, self-supporting, insulating, waterproofing and finishing products.

In a number of essays, the US innovator in ecological design, Mitchell Joachim, Berlin-based urban designer, Jörg Stollmann, and Sascha Peters, the author of the bestselling Material Revolution 1 and 2, provide specific insights in planning and design for a zero waste future.

available at: www.degruyter.com

 

CITIES OF CHANGE ADDIS ABABA, TRANSFORMATION STRATEGIES FOR URBAN TERRITORIES IN THE 21ST CENTURY
DIRK HEBEL AND MARC ANGELIL (eds.), BIRKHÄUSER, BASEL, 2009

Cities of Change Addis Ababa prioritizes the transformation of existing territories, rather than upholding a vision of an ideal city and its attendant practice of working with a “tabula-rasa”. ccordingly, one of the key aspects of the work encompasses scenario planning: designing processes for potential future conditions according to varying constraints. Urban design as a discipline is reframed in view of an understanding of the city as a dynamic system, one delineated by stocks and flows of resources – with specific attention given to the fluxes of people, energy, water, material, capital, space, and information. While putting emphasis on Addis Ababa, the research brings to the forefront questions of method and procedure that can be transferred to other ‘cities of change,’ whether in the developing or the developed world.

With 1 book, 3 collaborating partners, 7 chapters and 13 articles, the publication follows a series of prime numbers. Whether one may read the book from the beginning to the end, whether it may just be the interest in one chapter of stocks and flows or one article of the distinct authors from Ethiopia, North America and Europe, the publication Cities of Change Addis Ababa leaves space for different interpretations and specific interest.

The research was undertaken within the Department of Architecture and the Network City and Landscape institute of the ETH Zurich in the context of the Master of Advanced Studies Program in Urban Design, led by Prof. Dr. Marc Angélil and Prof. Dirk Hebel. Both have taught architectural and urban design at universities in Europe and the United States, and their research focuses on contemporary urban transformation. Over the last years, their interest has centered on Ethiopia – one of the fastest growing nations in the world. The publication Cities of Change Addis Ababa documents the research and exposes findings to critical observations by invited authors. Dirk Hebel was also funding Scientific Director of the Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, Building Construction and City Development in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

available at: www.amazon.com

 

DEVIATIONS, DESIGNING ARCHITECTURE
DIRK HEBEL AND MARC ANGELIL (eds.), BIRKHAUSER, BASEL 2008

DEVIATIONS, a handbook and users’ guide on architectural design pedagogy, pursues the covert strategy of a Trojan horse, infiltrating a given system’s practices in order to transform them from within. While documenting the opening moves of the architectural design curriculum at the ETH Zurich, DEVIATIONS exposes teaching to a series of tests. It promotes a departure from the seemingly familiar and stable grounds of recognized design approaches in pursuit of more open tactics – initiating a plea for a new type of architectural practice. Rather than opposing the established order of things, DEVIATIONS embraces this order while simultaneously working both with and against manufactured conventions. Taking on the operative mechanisms of everyday practice, median standards, and normative action as the very stuff of design, concepts and techniques emerge whose foci are not based on form but on how architecture might perform.

available at: www.amazon.com

 

BATHROOM UNPLUGGED, ARCHITECTURE AND INTIMACY
DIRK HEBEL AND JOERG STOLLMANN (eds.), BIRKHAUSER, BASEL, 2005

The era of the bathroom as a self-contained room enclosed within our living space is drawing to a close: this hypothesis formed the basis for the work of Dirk E. Hebel and Joerg Stollmann at the Department of Architecture at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich. In close collaboration with the company Dornbracht und Architonic they worked to understand the potential of modern perceptions of the body and cleanliness for architectural design. Privacy and intimacy are no longer synonymous. Actions which have long been considered private are rigorously moving into the public arena yet at the same time new strategies are constantly being developed to ensure that zones or enclaves of intimacy are safeguarded in our increasingly public private lives. This book presents seven visionary designs from students, accompanied by essays on the role of the body, cleanliness and intimacy in art and architecture.

available at: www.amazon.com

 

INVENTIONEERING ARCHITECTURE
DIRK HEBEL, JOERG STOLLMANN, TOBIAS KLAUSER, SASCHA DELZ, LEONARD KOCAN, gta VERLAG, ZURICH, 2005

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The publication is a guidebook, a device and also an invitation to navigate through the educational land­scape of three swiss schools of architecture, presented in the exhibition Inventioneering Architecture. Reflecting and commenting on the academic student work put on display, it suggests future challenges and shows a broad spectrum of strategies of the profession, developed by numerous design and research studios.

available at: www.amazon.com